Sentence enhancements: Apprendi (Sixth Amendment jury trial right): in the context of a Sixth Amendment analysis, the Supreme Court in Apprendi described sentence enhancements as the “functional equivalent” of elements of greater offenses. (Apprendi, supra, 530 U.S. at p. 494, fn. 19.) This characterization means only that a defendant is entitled to have a jury determine whether those facts supporting an increased sentence have been proven beyond a reasonable doubt (p. 14) (Cal. S. Ct., 23.07.09, Porter v. Super. Ct., S152273).